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HD 205739



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The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the solar neighbourhood. III. Improved distances, ages, and kinematics
Context: Ages, chemical compositions, velocity vectors, and Galacticorbits for stars in the solar neighbourhood are fundamental test datafor models of Galactic evolution. The Geneva-Copenhagen Survey of theSolar Neighbourhood (Nordström et al. 2004; GCS), amagnitude-complete, kinematically unbiased sample of 16 682 nearby F andG dwarfs, is the largest available sample with complete data for starswith ages spanning that of the disk. Aims: We aim to improve theaccuracy of the GCS data by implementing the recent revision of theHipparcos parallaxes. Methods: The new parallaxes yield improvedastrometric distances for 12 506 stars in the GCS. We also use theparallaxes to verify the distance calibration for uvby? photometryby Holmberg et al. (2007, A&A, 475, 519; GCS II). We add newselection criteria to exclude evolved cool stars giving unreliableresults and derive distances for 3580 stars with large parallax errorsor not observed by Hipparcos. We also check the GCS II scales of T_effand [Fe/H] and find no need for change. Results: Introducing thenew distances, we recompute MV for 16 086 stars, and U, V, W,and Galactic orbital parameters for the 13 520 stars that also haveradial-velocity measurements. We also recompute stellar ages from thePadova stellar evolution models used in GCS I-II, using the new valuesof M_V, and compare them with ages from the Yale-Yonsei andVictoria-Regina models. Finally, we compare the observed age-velocityrelation in W with three simulated disk heating scenarios to show thepotential of the data. Conclusions: With these revisions, thebasic data for the GCS stars should now be as reliable as is possiblewith existing techniques. Further improvement must await consolidationof the T_eff scale from angular diameters and fluxes, and the Gaiatrigonometric parallaxes. We discuss the conditions for improvingcomputed stellar ages from new input data, and for distinguishingdifferent disk heating scenarios from data sets of the size andprecision of the GCS.Full Table 1 is only available in electronic form at the CDS viaanonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/501/941

Two Jupiter-Mass Planets Orbiting HD 154672 and HD 205739
We report the detection of the first two planets from the N2K Dopplerplanet search program at the Magellan telescopes. The first planet has amass of Msin i = 4.96 M Jup and orbits the G3 IV star HD154672 with an orbital period of 163.9 days. The second planet orbitsthe F7 V star HD 205739 with an orbital period of 279.8 days and has amass of Msin i = 1.37 M Jup. Both planets are in eccentricorbits, with eccentricities e = 0.61 and e = 0.27, respectively. Bothstars are metal rich and appear to be chromospherically inactive, basedon inspection of their Ca II H and K lines. Finally, the best Keplerianmodel fit to HD 205739b shows a trend of 0.0649 m s-1day-1, suggesting the presence of an additional outerbody in that system.This paper is based on data gathered with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopeslocated at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile.

Pulkovo compilation of radial velocities for 35495 stars in a common system.
Not Available

Millimagnitude-Precision Photometry of Bright Stars with a 1 m Telescope and a Standard CCD
This paper summarizes a three-night observing campaign aimed atachieving millimagnitude-precision photometry of bright stars (V <9.0 mag) with the 1 m Swope Telescope at Las Campanas Observatory. Thetest targets were the main-sequence stars HD 205739 and HD 135446. Theresults show that by placing a concentric diaphragm in front of theaperture of the telescope, it is possible to avoid saturation andachieve a photometric precision of 0.0008-0.0010 mag per data point,with a cadence of less than 4 minutes. It is also possible to reach anoverall precision of less that 0.0015 mag for time series of 6 hr ormore. The photometric precision of this setup is only limited byscintillation. Scintillation could be reduced, and therefore thephotometric precision further improved, by using a neutral-densityfilter instead of the aperture stop. Given the expected median depth ofabout 0.01 mag for extrasolar-planet transits, plus their typicalduration of several hours, the results of this paper show that 1 mtelescopes equipped with standard CCDs can be used to detect planettransits as shallow as 0.002 mag around bright stars.

The Geneva-Copenhagen survey of the Solar neighbourhood. Ages, metallicities, and kinematic properties of ˜14 000 F and G dwarfs
We present and discuss new determinations of metallicity, rotation, age,kinematics, and Galactic orbits for a complete, magnitude-limited, andkinematically unbiased sample of 16 682 nearby F and G dwarf stars. Our˜63 000 new, accurate radial-velocity observations for nearly 13 500stars allow identification of most of the binary stars in the sampleand, together with published uvbyβ photometry, Hipparcosparallaxes, Tycho-2 proper motions, and a few earlier radial velocities,complete the kinematic information for 14 139 stars. These high-qualityvelocity data are supplemented by effective temperatures andmetallicities newly derived from recent and/or revised calibrations. Theremaining stars either lack Hipparcos data or have fast rotation. Amajor effort has been devoted to the determination of new isochrone agesfor all stars for which this is possible. Particular attention has beengiven to a realistic treatment of statistical biases and errorestimates, as standard techniques tend to underestimate these effectsand introduce spurious features in the age distributions. Our ages agreewell with those by Edvardsson et al. (\cite{edv93}), despite severalastrophysical and computational improvements since then. We demonstrate,however, how strong observational and theoretical biases cause thedistribution of the observed ages to be very different from that of thetrue age distribution of the sample. Among the many basic relations ofthe Galactic disk that can be reinvestigated from the data presentedhere, we revisit the metallicity distribution of the G dwarfs and theage-metallicity, age-velocity, and metallicity-velocity relations of theSolar neighbourhood. Our first results confirm the lack of metal-poor Gdwarfs relative to closed-box model predictions (the ``G dwarfproblem''), the existence of radial metallicity gradients in the disk,the small change in mean metallicity of the thin disk since itsformation and the substantial scatter in metallicity at all ages, andthe continuing kinematic heating of the thin disk with an efficiencyconsistent with that expected for a combination of spiral arms and giantmolecular clouds. Distinct features in the distribution of the Vcomponent of the space motion are extended in age and metallicity,corresponding to the effects of stochastic spiral waves rather thanclassical moving groups, and may complicate the identification ofthick-disk stars from kinematic criteria. More advanced analyses of thisrich material will require careful simulations of the selection criteriafor the sample and the distribution of observational errors.Based on observations made with the Danish 1.5-m telescope at ESO, LaSilla, Chile, and with the Swiss 1-m telescope at Observatoire deHaute-Provence, France.Complete Tables 1 and 2 are only available in electronic form at the CDSvia anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr ( or viahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/418/989

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Observation and Astrometry data

Constellation:Pisces Austrinus
Right ascension:21h38m08.40s
Apparent magnitude:8.553
Distance:90.334 parsecs
Proper motion RA:21.6
Proper motion Dec:-82.2
B-T magnitude:9.204
V-T magnitude:8.607

Catalogs and designations:
Proper Names   (Edit)
HD 1989HD 205739
TYCHO-2 2000TYC 7487-1980-1
USNO-A2.0USNO-A2 0525-43388130
HIPHIP 106824

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